For our ‘Allergies 101’ series, we have so far provided an overview of the causes and symptoms of allergies, types of allergens and the methods used for diagnosis. Today, we will talk about some treatment options available to you or your child. While there is no real cure for allergies, there are several ways in which you can not only effectively manage your condition but also reduce the severity and frequency of allergic reactions.
The first step for treating and managing your allergy is to educate yourself about your allergy type and what you can do about it. If you suspect that you or your child may have any allergies, you should see a doctor as soon as possible and seek information, diagnosis and treatment. Our doctors at the MedHelp clinic will not only identify your allergy type but also advise you on the best course of action for treating it. Once you’re aware of your allergy type and what triggers your allergic reactions, you can start making the necessary changes in your diet and environment. If your child is allergic to something, informing friends, family and caregivers about the condition is of utmost importance.
It’s as simple as this: If you aren’t exposed to the allergen (the substance that you’re allergic to), you won’t get an allergic reaction. Whether it’s peanuts you’re allergic to or dust mites, there’s a lot you can do to alleviate your allergy by just reducing your exposure to these allergens. Whether you’re cooking at home or ordering at a restaurant, be careful about the ingredients that are used in your food. Reading the ‘ingredients’ label on the box or asking the waiter about the contents of your food can mean all the difference between having a good meal or having an intense coughing and swelling fit that could have been easily avoided. Similarly, keeping your home or office immaculately clean could effectively reduce your exposure to dust mites and prevent an allergic reaction.
Medication can also be useful in treating allergies. A lot of people find that over-the-counter antihistamines and nasal sprays help them handle their allergies a lot better. In specific cases, your doctor might also recommend immunotherapy (allergy shots) which can help desensitize you against a particular allergy type. Immunotherapy is useful if you’re allergic to dust mites, pollen and insect stings. For food allergies, you’ll need to avoid the specific food type.
Join us next week as we discuss some environmental control measures that you can use for reducing your allergen exposure.